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in deep space are very noticable. Here are a few. Anomalies are noticable because they are seen at once and at first thought shouldn't be there. For instance in deep space in which sits giant spiral galaxy NGC 4321, an arrow, clearly seen, vectors hard to the left continuing a straight thin jet of matter extending left from the top of the larger NGC 4321 (M100), the arrow head at the end of the vector a wide 120 degree angle, a CHEVRON, in the field density of space itself


The 'larger' image of NGC 4321 is one in which all of the matter is seen, not just the hotter bright inner region which comprises a typical astronomy view of the galaxy. In light radiations too dim to be discerned by normal eyesight, or in the range of intensities to which the galaxy's typical image is factored into view, the dim matter glows whitely when certain images of NGC 4321 are highly enhanced, the high enhancement more than enough to totally 'whiteout' the normal galaxy, so that only a much larger 'solid' white object is seen with most of the basic details such as spiralling arms and brighter core totally gone in the whiteout

In the larger view, many small white gonglomerates can be seen in the deep space vacinity surrounding such enhanced galaxy's, these 'dim' objects glow in white and are very diffuse with little definition or detail beyond basic shape or size in deep space. In the case of NGC 4321, the larger view shows an unmistakably arrow, vectoring in space like it shouldn't be there, ergo the anomaly. What is it?

is that just a bit further
out from the 'arrow' is an enormous 'dark hole' in deep space, perhaps a 'dark galaxy' which is radiating practically no visible or optical frequency light. Extreme closeup shows that some material has been captured on film inside the dark hole but indistinquishable at the limit of magnification it cannot be seen if galaxy characteristics or spiral arms occupy the dark hole.

The deep space hole has 'some' information in it,
though not enough to tell you what it is

To give reasonable perspective on the enormity of size of these deep space anomalies, here are two identical views, the left a normal optical telescope image of M100 (NGC 4321) sitting in deep space as captured by the DSS (Deep Space Sky Survey project from a previous decade), and beside it, the enhanced view by Greydon Moore, the expansion in the same image so great, the 'arrow' and chevron, plus 'dark cavity' are included, revealing at once the greater deep space adventure of NGC 4321

In another amazing example of 'scale' and 'size', the seeming small object (NGC 4321) is actually so huge, just the arrow and chevron are seen vectoring hard to the left in the image frame occupied mostly by the 'huge' galaxy

Next, M100 (NGC 4321) as it normally looks to astronomers.

The green photo is by David Malin of Australia. Beside it, a Malin (high contrast) dim matter view, showing a vast expanded white collar, with white globules floating in space close around M100, which is in fact very small in the normal bright galaxy telescope views (the brown swirl seen composited in the middle of the white Malin image). Missing mass, come hither. The white gobs hoving around the perify of the optically bright spiral galaxy cannot tell yet how much mass denseness is represented in the gobs

If you have been missing three strokes on the ore on the upbeat of M100 (NGC 4321), here (1st image left) is a very famous Hubble image of the inner core region of M100, the Hubble image showing how fantastic expansions in space scale can actually by, the inner core by Hubble but just a mere tiny mote in the center of a much larger Hubble view, which itself is but a tiny mote in the greater M100 view, which of itself is but a tiny mote in the greater 'dim mass' view, which itself is just a tiny mote in the greater M100 venue itself in deep space. GM

These two views are the 3rd image in the above 6 picture panel. Now it is rotated right by 90 degrees and enhanced by Histogram Equalize to highlight two remarkable deep space features, first, that deep space ribs spray out in a wagon wheel from the right flank, and the ghostly outer crescent following at some distance the outline of the bright right side of the main object is definately there. In other words, there is a substantial and thick greater arm of dim (low radiance) matter extending well out around the outer right perimeter, which the image resolution is not able to reveal beyond what we can see in the enhanced view above.

Imagination might be running in overdrive, but it seems the curvature of M100 might follow closely the curve of a golden spiral. Next are two images one a golden spiral in a seashell, where visible comparison suggests curvature in M100 is close enough to the curvature of the golden spiral to make that curvature (of M100), interesting.


1.     Enormous greater embodiement of spiral galaxy
2.     Missing mass is found in dim low radiance
3.     Incredible arrow and chevron
4.     Huge dark cavity

I can't
quite get a
reading on that
crack in the universe.
It does not appear to have the
usual sharp jagged straight edges which
would be associated with a dog scratch in the negative


images that
follow are from 18,000 Deep
Space Sky Survey (DSS) images stored
in archive at a NASA site (now a defunct link)
and made available for free public download, since
this is an earlier survey all of its datas rapidly being
replaced by new images in color by Hubble and The European Southern
Telescope (ESO) and soon to go online SLOAN. Nonetheless the
original DSS images were very painstakingly made and
contain astonishing amounts of rich datas not
seen in any other astronomical images
which have since come along,
the proviso being that
the DSS images
have to be
to extreme
levels (for instance by
modern PC computer graphic editing
techniques done in seconds flat at home on any kitchen
table) for the astonishing contents to be revealed. It is understood
that such 'enhanced' images as shown here are not 'definative'
ie, they do not indend to stamp image finds in iron,
these images are intended only to show what
else is out there in celestial space
not normally addressed by pro
astronomers who tend
to look at only
pure black
Each of these images
needs response with more proper
modern imaging techniques with proper mighty
telescopes to tell their true contents

Deep space dark hole cavity in NGC 2997 (left)       and M100 (right)

Giant black cavity near M100

M100 Woahhhh!
suddenly from
out of nowhere, an
E N O R M O U S   black
hole, it puts complete new meaning to
the words 'dark hole'

Giant black cavity near NGC 2997

NGC 2997
is no flyweight
itself, it is a super giant
spiral. In normal looking astronomer's
space with color on pitch black background it is
enormous. When inserted as a color bit in the center of a
so-called 'deep space' view showing giant white blobular masses
surrounding in plenty, NGC 2997 is very small. The enhanced white
oject in the above enhancements of DSS images is in total
a far larger area than even the 'deep space' sky
views with a standard colored galaxy
image inserted in the center.
The giant black cavity
is of equal size
to the whole
above. It is
ladies and gentlemen,
boys and girls,   e n o r m o u s

is an ESO
view of Ngc2997
showing its huge super
structure this large object the
small round white blip in the center
of the black and whites with the
giant dark cavity nearby


ready to
turn baby steps
into giant steps. 1 click
of Histogram Equalize, and PRESTO!


space hole, this
one almost as big as the galaxy
itself in normal visible optical light (before
enhancement). Space black-holes are rather common in deep
space images of galaxies.   Here  and   here   are two other examples
that are particularly eye catching, one, for M100, the size of M100 itself.
A person is inclined to instantly use the term 'dark hole' for these
light sinks in deep space. They seem to have some dynamic
character, and forms can be seen dimly within,
the are almost as if the opposite of
a galaxy - where you see a
galaxy in bright
light, here
you see
a galaxy as
if in negative,
in opposite, without
light, a place that steals light,
except these are either plugs of non radiant
desnse matter, a place where light is aborbed and not re-radiated,
or a place that is absent matter. Whatever, you boys and girls of the
astronomy persuation certainly do have a mystery on your hands
to figure out what these deep space 'dark holes' are,
and, as already said, they are common, most
readily seen in large (60' x60') deep
space views from the DSS sky
survey archives

NGC 2403 itself (original)

(histogram by a moi)

view shows a much larger
galaxy in fact one that looks more nornally
'spiral'. The original negative will be able to produce a
far better 'silent' mass view (white enlarged object)
unfortunately I do not have the negative and
never have done 'photography'. Taku's
site probably may have access
to the original negative,
however, the only link
I have to it is
now a dud


images actually
contain normal galaxies sizes,
at least, when cut from the center and shown
as a zoom with no other devices done to the image, the object
that appears is fully recognizable as a standard view of that object.
So you can see in an instant just how gigantic these dark hole
deep space cavities really are, an almost non-existent
tiny white cop in the center of pitch black
exploads to full sized in white many
orders of magnitude larger and
right there nearby a black
hole of equal or near
equal size. What
are these

The esoteric circumstance of NGC 2997

The esoteric circumstance of M100


the 'official'
deep space image of
M100 by David Malin of
Australia. The colored center,
and black and white image beside it,
are of approximately the same size and scale.
And don't be fooled by appearances sake, each of the
exploding white images is the black and white turned on by
a single use of Histogram Equalize on a Windows 95 PC computer,
nothing more whatever has been done to touch or alter
the images, what you see is what you've got,
the exploding white content was
stored in the media when
the original photo
was taken by

And finally this, the arrow

of discovery
is right here right
now. No one has ever seen
'the arrow' before until looking
on it at this site circ. January 22, 1999.
Remember, historically, you saw it here first

Content Credit:  CosmicAstronomy

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